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One exam upgrades your MCSA from 2000 to 2003

This exam is retired. For a complete list of retiring Microsoft exams, click here.

Windows Server 2003 is the latest networking OS from Microsoft. With improvements to Active Directory, integration of XML and the .NET framework and support for secure wireless LANS, businesses are steadily increasing their investment in the technology. An MCSA certified for 2003 is responsible for the day-to-day administration and management of the product.

This training is geared for a working MCSA 2000 or MCSE 2000 who needs to understand the features, controls and functions of Windows Server 2003.

All trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective holders....
This exam is retired. For a complete list of retiring Microsoft exams, click here.

Windows Server 2003 is the latest networking OS from Microsoft. With improvements to Active Directory, integration of XML and the .NET framework and support for secure wireless LANS, businesses are steadily increasing their investment in the technology. An MCSA certified for 2003 is responsible for the day-to-day administration and management of the product.

This training is geared for a working MCSA 2000 or MCSE 2000 who needs to understand the features, controls and functions of Windows Server 2003.

All trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective holders.
 show less
1. Intro to Server 2003 (32 min)
2. Creating User Accounts Graphically (39 min)
3. Creating User Accounts with Automation Part 1 (31 min)
4. Creating User Accounts with Automation Part 2 (32 min)
5. Creating and Managing Group Accounts (26 min)
6. Group Policy and GPMC (27 min)
7. Group Policy Management Console (34 min)
8. Admin Functions and Terminal Services Part 1 (31 min)
9. Remote Assistance and Terminal Services Part 2 (33 min)
10. Terminal Services Part 3 (41 min)
11. IIS 6.0 Architecture (23 min)
12. IIS Configuration and Application Installation (28 min)
13. IIS Management (31 min)
14. DNS Part 1 (27 min)
15. DNS Part 2 (38 min)
16. Security Permissions (25 min)
17. Security Templates (25 min)
18. Software Update Services (35 min)
19. System Recovery (30 min)

Intro to Server 2003

00:00:00

Hello. My name's James Conrad. And I want to thank you for joining me with this Exam Pack 70-292, Managing and Maintaining a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Environment for an MCSA Certified on Windows 2000. Wow, is that ever a mouthful. But that's also the actual name of the exam.

00:00:18

And probably somebody at Microsoft is getting paid by the word and by now I'm sure they're very wealthy. But you know there is a lot involved with managing a Windows Server 2003 environment. And today's administrator has to have a broad education in all the different kinds of things that he or she needs to know.

00:00:38

In this particular exam pack, in fact, we're going to cover several topics. And I'll just give you the 30,000 foot view here so you can see the broad points. We're going to look at managing users' computers and groups; managing and maintaining access to resources; managing and maintaining a server environment; managing and implementing disaster recovery; managing, implementing, and maintaining name resolution; implementing, managing, and maintaining network security.

00:01:05

And those are all the things that Microsoft says that we need to know for this particular topic. They seem to like the words managing, implementing, and maintaining quite a lot. But you get the idea. And there is a lot that we need to know here. So let's go ahead and get started.

00:01:19

First, before we get into those specific topics I want to address some other things you should be aware of. One of those things is the various interface changes that have come about since Microsoft developed Windows 2000 and now moved into Windows Server 2003.

00:01:36

Many administrators just work on servers and don't really work with desktop clients as much, unless you're a help desk personnel. And so you might not be familiar with some of the Windows XP style interface changes that have taken place. And when you get onto the server, you might get caught short trying to find a specific item.

00:01:54

So I want you to just be aware of some of those interface changes. Also, we'll want to look at the product offerings that Microsoft has for the Windows Server 2003 product it's mostly the same as Windows 2000 with a little bit of an exception here and there.

00:02:09

And I want to go over with those with you so you know what's available in the server product line. Now all that having been said, let's just take a look at the desktop as it first appears when you first boot into Windows Server 2003. The first thing you get is the Manage Your Server interface that you see here.

00:02:26

And this is just an introduction to the product. Most of you will probably just kill this and close it or whatever. However, do notice that it will still appear every time when you bring up the operating system. You can prevent it from appearing during the next logon by selecting the checkbox you see down here at the bottom.

00:02:44

And let me scroll over to the right and up a little bit, so we can get a full view of all the goodies here. Let me just point out some of the things that this thing really does for you. One of those is the Add or remove a role feature. You'll notice that when you install Windows Server 2003 there is no longer an option sheet where you can select to install DHCP, DNS, or any of the other kinds of services that you might normally want to do during an installation.

00:03:08

Now it just gives you a generic installation. And you add or remove those things later, either through this page or through Add/Remove programs. Now I'm not going to exhaust this entire interface, because it's fairly basic. Let me just point out quickly what this thing does here at the Add or remove a role item.

00:03:25

You click it to install it, say, DNS or something. And it tells you to make sure that everything's installed and everything's hooked up, because, my, doesn't that have a tendency to cause things to fail when something's not hooked up. So then you click Next.

00:03:38

And it analyzes your system to see what services are installed on this computer. And then you simply select what you want, for example, again, you know DNS. It gives you an opportunity to use certain things through Add/Remove programs. If you don't see the item you need here, in this case we do, you can also read more about DNS servers.

00:03:57

And by the way, this opens up the online help system. And I've got to point out that the online help was really good with Windows 2000. And it's even better with Windows Server 2003. And if you need some answers to some questions, it's a fairly good chance that you're going to see them here.

00:04:17

Let's go ahead and click Next here. And then it will just say what we're going to do is install DNS and then you'll do a Next Next Finish thing here, which I will not complete, because we'll not install DNS at this point. We'll do a little bit later.

00:04:30

But that wizard is fairly simple. You can also read more information about the server roles. You can look at certain administrative tools. This is the same administrative tools that you would have seen-- and I'll just click on it real quick-- if you were to click on Start, Programs, and Administrative Tools as we see here.

00:04:46

Start, All Programs, Administrative Tools, same tools there. Or the same tool that you'll see at this point on the Start menu. On Windows Server 2003, the administrative tools do appear by default in both these locations. So that's just another way of getting at them if you prefer to do that.

00:05:05

There's also a more tools option. And this is pretty interesting because it will show you all the tools that appear by default in Windows Server 2003. And let me point out, if you just go to, for example, the command line reference, there are a bunch of tools.

00:05:18

Microsoft has really included a lot of resource kit-like tools now in Windows Server 2003. And it's pretty impressive. Probably 70% of them you'll never see and never need to use. But, boy, when you need one, they're pretty handy. Here's the administrative tool reference for the interface items.

00:05:38

And again, you see here they're just a bunch of links that appear here. By the way, in case you were wondering about this interface, Microsoft is not using the standard CHM help files like they used to. There's still some there. But for the most part now we're using this type of an interface, which is more of a web-based type interface and it uses XML.

00:05:57

This leaves room, by the way, for various vendors or for your internal company to insert your own help page links in here if you have, for example, a particular product that would link to a help website or something. You can also look at tools by category, which explain itself fairly well.

00:06:18

If I want an Active Directory Management tool, or if I want to look at File and Folder Management tools, you'll see some of the items here, for example, that make all these things available. And again, we will not exhaust these. Some of them are familiar.

00:06:32

You might have seen them before in previous versions of Windows. Some of them will be new. And you see several other categories there as well. The support tools are on the Windows 2003 CD-ROM. And they are located in the Support Tools folder. There is a Help file with that one.

00:06:49

You can see here. But you will also see the support tools help within this interface. And Microsoft gives you quite a bit of information on them. The support tools are just about a requirement. And again, here's where they're located on the CD-ROM. Make sure that you install those.

00:07:03

I actually add support tools MSI to Group Policies, which are discussed in other titles that CBT Nuggets has. But the short version here is that you can use this file to make it available to install on, for example, all administrators' machines, so that it's available to all admins from Add/Remove programs.

00:07:23

And not every admin has to drag around a CD-ROM with them. Then there's Windows Resource Kit tools. And this gives you a bit of information about that. This is not all available the way it was in the past. You will still have these tools available to you.

00:07:40

Some of them may be available for free on the internet. Others may be available only through the Resource Kit that you buy from Microsoft. By the way, there are two resource kits now. There's a standard resource kit. And now there's also a deployment resource kit available.

00:07:56

And now having returned to the Manage Your Server interface, notice that I can click Windows Update, which takes me to the same Windows Update site that we've been seeing for Windows 2000 and other versions of Windows, where you simply scan for updates.

00:08:08

And it looks for any updates that are necessary for your computer or available for your computer. This will be discussed a bit more in this course when we talk about updates later on. There's also the Computer and Domain Name Information, which simply takes you to the System Properties Computer Name tab.

00:08:24

And you can change the name of the computer, change the domain of the computer. Or you can make it a member of a workgroup. In this case, the only thing I could do would be to change the name of the domain controller, which is what this message tells you.

00:08:36

And this is also new in Windows Server 2003, because in 2000, you cannot change the name of domain controller. Now there is also an Internet Explorer Enhanced Security configuration here. And this just takes you to a web page that explains a lot about this.

00:08:51

I do recommend you read through it. You'll notice that on a server when you click on a website or open the browser, a warning dialog box appears stating that a lot of content is blocked now-- and here's why-- because there is a lot of lock down now. And you'll see that as you read through this file.

00:09:09

The Internet Zone Security setting is high. And what this means is that there's going to be a lot of things, like blocked cookies, blocked content, Flash content, Java, so forth. And you probably won't need that on your server. But if you do, you'll need to adjust your security settings.

00:09:28

So I'll just go ahead and close this and close this and point out a couple of other quick things before we move on into the meat and potatoes, if you will, of Server 2003. First of all, just be aware that the Start menu is different. It's a split Start menu, very similar to your XP computers.

00:09:41

Slightly different look because it doesn't have the Fisher-Price kind of looking colors and all that thing there. You can turn that on if you like. Just as a quick tip to you, you can go to the Services and you can go to the Administrative Tool services.

00:09:58

And there is a Themes Service down here. And if you want to, you can turn on the themes. And I'll scroll down to it right here. Notice that it by default is disabled. You can set it automatic. And then enable the service. And then you can get the Fisher-Price looking XP desktop if you like.

00:10:17

Well, I took a brief here there into themes. But let me go back to the Start menu where we started and take a closer look at this. I mentioned earlier it's a split Start menu. On the right-hand side, you see some common items that always appear, such as Help and Support, Search, and Run.

00:10:31

And then up here in between the separator bar, you see Printers, Faxes, Administrative Tools, Control Panel. This is similar to the flyout menu that you can see with earlier versions of Windows, except that now it's the default so that it doesn't open in a window.

00:10:45

In Windows XP, it will open in a window. But in server they assume that most administrators don't like that XML interface for Control Panel where you got a click about three or four different times to get to, let's say, the Power Options. They want you to be able to get to it right away in Server because they assume that you know where you're going.

00:11:04

And then we have the Administrative Tools here, again, which are very similar to 2000. Over on the left-hand side, we have pinned items. These are items that always appear on the Start menu, as opposed to these items that are beneath the separator bar, which are adaptive.

00:11:20

The more often I use an item, the more likely it is to appear on the adaptive Start menu. And as I use Word or Calculator or whatever else it is that I want to use, this will fill up with certain items. At a certain point, on a FIFO basis, First In First Out, items will begin to scroll off of there.

00:11:39

But if there are certain items I want to always appear on the Start menu up here on the pinned items list, for example, Notepad, I can right click on it. And then I can say pin to Start menu. And now it will always appear here no matter how much I use it.

00:11:53

Likewise, I can unpin from the Start menu. Notice that if I go to Start, Programs, Accessories, and, let's say, Calculator-- I don't I really need to use it. I'm just going to use it to show how it appears on the Start menu. So I'll close it and then go back to the Start menu.

00:12:06

We now notice that it appears here. Items do scroll off this on a FIFO basis like I mentioned. And there is a counter of six, by default, six items that can appear in here. And, of course, as you saw, when I accessed Calculator, you still have the All Programs here, which is very similar to a Windows 95 style Start menu that none of you might have been used to in the past.

00:12:28

Speaking of the Windows 95 style Start menu, if you really hate the Start menu that Microsoft has with XP and server 2003, you can right click on the Task bar, choose Properties, go back to Start menu up here at the top and go back down to classic Start menu.

00:12:42

And I'll click Apply to show that to you. Now when I click on Start, it just goes back to the standard style, which might have always been used to. For our purposes, I'm just going to go back to the Start menu that Microsoft has by default here, which is the XP style.

00:12:55

And even in the illustration, the graphic up here they show at the top shows you an XP desktop actually. But that's all right. And you can also customize this as well. Most of these are self-explanatory. So I won't exhaust them. But you can go to Advanced, for example.

00:13:09

And you can enable certain items, such as My Computer always appears. But notice that in the Start menu now we didn't have My Documents. Well, if you always want that to appear, you can make that appear as a link, which means it will open in a new window or as a menu, which means it will have a flyout appearance like the Control Panel did that I showed you earlier.

00:13:28

And you can also add My Network Places if you like, which also that doesn't have a place on the Start menu. But probably most administrators would want to have that. Might not be needed for the users, but the administrators probably will. And several other things you see here, such as scroll the programs, which we've always had in the past.

00:13:45

So we'll cancel out of this. And if we go back to the Task bar, you'll notice that there are several things here that we can look at as well. Again, most of these are self-explanatory, so I won't exhaust of these. But one thing you might like is this Group similar taskbar buttons.

00:13:58

If I open up several instances of Internet Explorer, notice that it starts to fill up to the taskbar. In other previous versions of Windows, this gets really crowded. And pretty soon you can't even read what the titles of these are. You might even have to expand the taskbar like this so that you can see everything that's on there.

00:14:17

Well, notice that in Windows XP in 2003, now it starts to group similar items here. So I can right click on this group and choose Minimize the entire group at once. Or I can right click on the whole thing and choose Close group, which is very handy and something we haven't had in the past.

00:14:35

So I'll just close it. And there we go. It goes away for us. This will conclude the interface changes with Windows Server 2003. And at this point, we'll click on Cancel and move on to some of the other issues that are inherent in Windows 2003. Now let's switch gears a little bit and go into the product offerings that Microsoft has available for us.

00:14:55

Microsoft has Windows Server 2003 Standard, Enterprise, Data Center, and Web editions. These are mostly the same as we had under Windows 2000 server products, except for the addition of the web product. Let's discuss first of all the Standard Edition.

00:15:13

In the Standard Edition, you have the ability to use up to 4 gigabytes of server ram, 4 terabytes of disk space, and up to 4 processors. So that's more than enough hardware for most general purpose server functions. This will function as an excellent network services server, for example, DNS, DHCP, WINS.

00:15:34

And you don't need redundancy, provided you've got more than one of those on the network as it is. In other words, you don't need something like clustering for those kinds of services, because if you have a DNS server or a domain controller, which is also a good use for the standard product, then if one of those fails, then the other ones can provide the services for you without using some kind of a clustering solution.

00:15:56

There is a failover solution if you want to call it that with Standard. And that is network load balancing. And that really is more of a performance issue in which you'll have several machines, several computers that share an IP address on the network-- at least it appears that way to the rest of the network.

00:16:14

And then if one of them fails, then the other servers can still accept network traffic to that IP address. And when all the servers are functioning properly, then, of course, they get better performance because you have aggregated performance across multiple servers.

00:16:30

Probably the most common use of Network Load Balancing is for web server farms. The Standard Edition can also function as a web server. But you're probably better off just to buy the Web Edition because it's less expensive. It can also function very well as a print server.

00:16:45

This is because you don't need something like clustering for most print servers. And the data in a print job is normally recoverable, because it actually exists in a file somewhere so that if a print job goes to the Standard Edition server and the server fails, then you can redirect the print jobs to another print server.

00:17:04

Or the user can simply restart the print job on a different file server. It does work OK also as a file server. But again, it does not include redundancy or failover that some of the other versions might, such as Enterprise or Data Center Server with clustering.

00:17:21

However, many organizations will not use the failover included in Enterprise or Data Center for the actual data of that type because they'll probably instead use some kind of an external storage solution, a third party product, that backs up the data on an ongoing basis throughout the day, takes snapshots of it, products from manufacturers such as Veritas for example.

00:17:44

You can also use the Standard Edition as an application server for Exchange or SQL or other back office products. But you're probably better off using Enterprise or Data Center version for those because they're capable of clustering. And with those kinds of back office functions, like Exchange, you really need a media failover.

00:18:04

And you don't want to have to restore something from a backup or anything like that. If a server goes down, you want another server to take its place and keep running. Other things that Standard doesn't do is it doesn't support Microsoft Meta Directory Services, which allows it to interoperate with other directory services, such as NDS, which is Novell Directory Services.

00:18:25

It doesn't have the same scalability features. For example, you cannot add memory while the machine is running or hot add memory. And it doesn't support non-uniform memory access, or NUMA. The hot add memory and NUMA will be discussed a little bit more when we get to the Enterprise Edition.

00:18:43

The next version of Windows Server 2003 is the Enterprise Edition. And I hope you'll forgive a corny I am by including a little graphic of the Star Trek Enterprise, also known as NCC 1701. I'm a Star Trek fan and I just can't seem to help myself. But with the Enterprise Edition, we have a few other things that are pretty spectacular in terms of what it can handle in terms of hardware.

00:19:04

First of all, Enterprise Edition handles up to 8 processors. 8 processors, that's a huge amount of processing power. And it supports Address Windows Extensions. I'm mentioned this briefly earlier. But basically what that means is this. Let's compare it first to the Standard Edition up at the top.

00:19:23

The Standard Edition and the Enterprise Edition both support 4 gigabytes of RAM. However, in addition to that, the Standard Edition will split up the RAM so that you have 2 gigabytes dedicated to the operating system. And you'll have 2 gigabytes dedicated to the applications and anything else that the system needs.

00:19:44

So it splits the memory 50/50. That's fine. But there are some applications that might need an extremely large amount of RAM. In fact, I've worked for a defense contractor in the past that requires 3 gigabytes just for an engineering application to load.

00:20:00

And the engineers actually have to use Enterprise Server as their desktop workstations. But anyway, some applications need that kind of RAM. So in those cases, you can use 1 gigabyte of RAM with Enterprise for the operating system. And I can't think of much that the operating system could do where it would need more than a gigabyte of RAM anyway.

00:20:21

And you have paging, not anybody wants to use it. But you're not going to need more than a gig in any case. And then you can use 3 gigabytes now by splitting the memory up differently for the applications. And this adds a tremendous amount of flexibility in how you can use the Enterprise product to support your applications.

00:20:43

Enterprise also supports clustering, which is where we have something like, for example, SQL on two nodes. In each member of the cluster is called a node. And they both connect to the same external storage data, which is going to be SCSI storage, where the SQL database is contained.

00:21:02

Then if one of the servers fails, the other server immediately continues to process all the requests from the clients. That way there is transparent failover to the users. The Enterprise Edition also supports MMS, or Microsoft Metadirectory Services, which allows us to interoperate with other directory services, such as NDS, or Novell Directory Services, from Novell.

00:21:27

You also get hot-add memory so that if the vendor provides a BIOS in a bus that's capable of this, you can add memory on the fly while the server is turned on. And you also have a NUMA, Non-Uniform Memory Access, which is where there is two or more buses in the server and each bus has its own memory, which is accessed at a very high speed, and it's dedicated to that bus.

00:21:53

And this is very much of an important performance increase and a relatively new technology. But again, you have to have a vendor that builds a machine that supports that. Data Center Server is not something you can buy off the shelf a Comp USA or Best Buy.

00:22:08

And that's because it only comes on machines that are supplied by vendors like Hewlett-Packard and the like. Data Center Server offers five nines or 99.999% up time, which only gives you about 5 minutes of unplanned downtime per year. And that's a pretty coveted statistic for server manufacturers.

00:22:29

One of the reasons why it gives you that kind of up time is because it has to first pass compatibility and reliability tests that Microsoft requires. And if the vendor can't pass those tests, then they don't get to use Data Center. Also in order to use Data Center, Microsoft requires that the vendors only use drivers, device drivers that are certified and digitally signed by Microsoft.

00:22:53

Also even the customers, once you buy Data Center, you cannot make any unauthorized changes to the hardware. That's because Microsoft again wants to guarantee that they have a known state for your servers so that they know whether they can properly support it.

00:23:08

And the support doesn't even go through Microsoft to be quite honest. In order to get support for Data Center Server, you actually contact the vendor. And Microsoft has arrangements with them to make sure that their people are properly trained or their proper outsourcing for support is provided.

00:23:24

By the way, to ensure reliability, even hot fixes are not released for Data Center the way they are for Standard and Enterprise. You can't just use the common Windows update site to get them when they were first released. Instead, they're released separately for Data Center Server because Microsoft does additional testing for them to rigorously ensure that they will not hurt the operating system and to maintain the five nines reliability record.

00:23:50

Data Center does allow support for up to 64 gigabytes of RAM-- So that's an amazing amount of RAM that's available with Data Center Server-- and up to 32 processors in a single machine. And most hardware for this actually is partitioned up so that it actually looks like a lot of them at least look like multiple servers within one enclosure.

00:24:10

And the bus from the manufacturer kind of ties them all together. But in many cases, they are on separate motherboards that have their own processors and their own memory. And if one of the, let's say, one of the processors failed on one of the boards, you actually could pull out the entire board with its memory.

00:24:28

And all the other members in that one server, all the boards, would continue to cause the function to server properly without any downtime. So some of the implementations are amazing. And the one I'm thinking of there is one of the Hewlett-Packard solutions.

00:24:44

But anyway, with that kind of processing power, 32-way processing, 64 gigs of RAM, plus you can use up to 8-way clustering. You could probably actually fly the Starship Enterprise with that kind of hardware. It's amazing. Really the only thing that's not included with Data Center are two things that don't matter anyway.

00:25:01

One of those is Internet Connection Firewall, which is a small office, home office firewall solution that just does port blocking. If you can afford Data Center, I'm sure you have a real firewall in place instead of that. And then you don't have Internet Connection Sharing, which again, doesn't matter because this is a solution that allows one computer to connect to the internet and other computers on a small office, home office network to connect to the internet through that same computer.

00:25:27

And I'm sure that's not going to matter for Data Center for you because if you use it, you'll have some other kind of internet access solution. Finally, there is the humble Web Edition. The Web Edition is actually a great product for the does. It just is designed to be a web server.

00:25:43

It cannot do a lot of the other functionality that the other products can. For example, all the other products actually offer a 64-bit edition. But very rarely could you ever need something like that for a Web Edition. If you need 64-bit processing, you're probably going to do backend processing on your data center server instead or something like that.

00:26:00

So all of these offer 64-bit. But the Web Edition does not. Also another thing with the Web Edition is it cannot host certain services, such as DNS, DHCP, or it cannot be a domain controller. But that's OK, because you don't usually need those on web servers.

00:26:16

And it doesn't include a few other things, which will quickly run down a bullet list for you. It doesn't include Internet Authentication Services, which is Microsoft's implementation of RADIUS, or the ability to centralize all attempted remote access attempts into a single location for logging and authentication.

00:26:35

It doesn't include bridging so you can connect two networks together through a single host. It doesn't include internet connection sharing, internet connection firewall, cannot host Microsoft Metadirectory Services, which I talked about earlier. And it doesn't support removable storage management, which is the ability to offload older data off of hard drives onto less expensive removable storage, such as tape.

00:27:01

And it does include kind of a slimmed down terminal services. But it's just terminal services remote desktop for administration. And it's not for hosting multiple clients, multiple desktops, on a single terminal server, the way the other versions can be.

00:27:18

And finally, the Web Edition does not support the ability to do hot-add memory or NUMA support. Now let's take a step back and think about the things that we looked at in this particular Nugget. We were introducing Windows Server 2003. And we introduced the product to you and looked at some of the interface changes that are in this product.

00:27:40

Some of them might be very familiar to you if you work with XP a lot in the past. But for those of you that are just now jumping into the Windows 2003 scene and you don't do much desktop support or don't work on XP, then certainly a lot of those changes are new to you.

00:27:55

Then we took a look at the various versions of Windows Server 2003. And remember, we've got the Standard, Enterprise, Data Center, and Web Editions. Now let's take a look at the differences in a summary kind of fashion between all those different versions.

00:28:11

And now let's summarize the various products that we have. Remember, there's a Standard Edition. I didn't mention this before, but I will in this table here, there are a number of processors that each product supports. The Standard Edition supports four-way processing, which is just a way of saying you can support up to four processors at once.

00:28:28

And it works on symmetric multiprocessing. So they can all work simultaneously. And then it has up to 4 gigabytes of RAM. Again, a very good, general purpose standard, plenty hard work capability there. You can use it to run general services, such as DCHP, DNS.

00:28:44

It's probably going to be your most common domain controller as well. Now the Enterprise Edition of Windows Server 2003 steps up the performance to 8-way processing, 32 gigs of RAM on x86 based Intel architecture, which would be something like, well, most of their processors up through the Pentium 4, for example, or the Xeon.

00:29:04

But there's also a newer processor called the Itanium processor, which allows up to 64 gigabytes of RAM. And the Itanium is a 64-bit processor. Also, you get up to 8 node clusters for a high failover with the Enterprise Edition. Also you have less than five minutes of downtime, or about five minutes downtime, through a lot of other features that are available in Enterprise Edition.

00:29:29

And one of those things is the ability to do hot-add memory. That means that I don't have unplanned downtime to shut down the computer, plug in memory, and power back up. I can simply add the memory while it's turned on. And I get good performance through something like NUMA, which is the ability to commit certain portions of memory to a dedicated bus at extremely high speeds.

00:29:52

Now if you really want to escalate performance, you're going to go to a Data Center Edition, which supports up to 32 processors on x86 based architecture, or 64-way on the Itanium processor. And with the x86 based Intel processors, you can go up to 64 gigs of RAM.

00:30:10

Or with the Itanium processors, up to 512 gigabytes of RAM. That's gigantic. Then we talk about 8-node clustering, which gives it its high failover rate that you see here, very similar to the Enterprise Edition. But if you want the highest scalability, you can see from the processors and the ram that we have over to the left, that you're going to get the highest scalability out of the Data Center Edition.

00:30:33

Remember that you can only get this edition, Data Center Edition, from the vendor, like Hewlett-Packard or somebody like that, Dell, so on. You can't buy it at Best Buy, for example. And you get high availability as well through hot-add memory, similar to the Enterprise Edition.

00:30:51

And you still get Non-uniform Memory Access, or NUMA, the ability to dedicate memory to a bus for extremely high performance. I didn't mention something earlier in the video, but there is something called HARQ. And let me explain that quickly here. Remember, the vendor is the first level of support for most of these Data Center Editions.

00:31:10

Now if they have to escalate the call and the vendor is not able to solve it, then there's a 24/7 access through something called the High Availability Resolution Queue, or HARQ. That is Microsoft top support personnel that can handle the call for you.

00:31:25

The client can actually call HARQ directly, but typically they will go through their vendor first. And finally we come to the humble Web Edition, which although humble, it supports a very good purpose, because most web access is not extremely high processor intensive.

00:31:42

There are certain things, certain applets and so forth that do require more processing power. So if you need to, you can go up to two-way processing on it. The Web Edition only supports up to 2 gigabytes of RAM as well, again, because the nature of just web pages and little web applets, there's very little need for more RAM than that.

00:31:59

So this will actually save you money in the long run. So it's very thin on features. You get web access. And that's all you really need it for. You're not ever going to make this a domain controller. It won't be a DNS server, a DHCP, WINS, any of those kind of things.

00:32:13

You're just not going to get any of those kinds of things out of the Web Edition. I hope this has been informative for you. And I'd like to thank you for viewing.

Creating User Accounts Graphically

Creating User Accounts with Automation Part 1

Creating User Accounts with Automation Part 2

Creating and Managing Group Accounts

Group Policy and GPMC

Group Policy Management Console

Admin Functions and Terminal Services Part 1

Remote Assistance and Terminal Services Part 2

Terminal Services Part 3

IIS 6.0 Architecture

IIS Configuration and Application Installation

IIS Management

DNS Part 1

DNS Part 2

Security Permissions

Security Templates

Software Update Services

System Recovery

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10 hrs 19 videos

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James Conrad
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